Meet a Producer – Dylan Wiebe
February 13th, 2019
-Kate Rodger, MWBGA
It is no secret that research focused on something that affects a person specifically is the most interesting to them. As humans, we’re different. We each have our own set of unique circumstances, interests and goals. Imagine you’re a farmer who has an interest in research that can help you grow the most successful crop you can in the most sustainable way, and the best part is you get to conduct the research first-hand, on your farm. This must sound like a great idea.
26 year-old, Dylan Wiebe was able to do just that.
Dylan wears multiple hats: one – a farmer, another – manager of a seed business. Although Dylan didn’t grow up on a farm, he was always drawn to the work (and fun) that came along with a farming lifestyle. When he graduated high school, he got the opportunity to rent some land from his uncle and grandfather to start farming on his own. After graduating university with his degree in Agribusiness, Dylan and his uncle Lloyd started a seed business, LD Seeds, which they now operate near Altona, Manitoba. This past year Dylan was lucky enough to experience participating in research that was applicable to him as a farmer with the On-Farm Network (OFN).
Producer, Dylan Wiebe (Photo: Dylan Wiebe)
“As farmers, we are always looking for new ways to improve our practices and increase our bottom line. There is no better place to preform research than on your own farm, with your own equipment and in your own environment,” said Dylan, who recommends participating in the OFN to any farmer who is interested.
The OFN is built around on-farm research related to pulse, soybean, wheat and corn crops. The program is directed by the Manitoba Pulse and Soybean Growers (MPSG), and funded by MPSG, the Manitoba Wheat and Barley Growers Association (MWBGA) and Manitoba Corn Growers Association (MCGA) and participating in the OFN is a perk of membership with the organizations. The research that is done is conducted on real, working farms and farmers, in collaboration with research specialists, get to be involved in the process.
Farmer’s, especially young farmers like Dylan, are constantly learning. Through participating in the OFN, farmers are easily able to benefit from the numerous learning opportunities that they are exposed to. On Dylan’s farm, a trial using Manipulator, a plant growth regulator (PGR), was conducted in a field of AAC Brandon wheat.
On-Farm wheat trial (Photo: MPSG)
“I was already interested in performing a PGR trial on spring wheat prior to receiving the email from the MWBGA requesting on farm research participants. From there, it was an easy decision to utilize the on-farm research team. From planning to harvesting the trials, they made the process simple and easy, even during the busy harvest season,” says Dylan.
PGRs are natural or synthetic chemicals that are applied to a seed or plant to beneficially modify plant growth and development by altering the plant’s hormonal activity. A PGR can be used for several different reasons depending on what the farmer’s objective is, possibilities range from stunting plant growth to increasing insect or disease resistance. Which can mean less chemicals for the crop, protection of grain quality and less stress for the farmer. The development of products like this for farmers to utilize has been instrumental for crop success in Canadian agriculture. There’s no question that having the ability to see how tools, like PGRs, play out on your own crop is valuable.
“I was surprised at the results we had with Manipulator considering we had very little to no lodging in our wheat. We applied Manipulator at the optimal stage (GS31), made a separate pass to apply it and still managed to break even on our costs,” adds Dylan, “on average, the Manipulator trials had a 3.3 bushel per acre increase with 0.4% less protein. The height of the plant was shortened by 4 inches and we could drive the combine 0.5 MPH faster than the check strips due to less straw.”
Drone photo of wheat trial (Photo: Dylan Wiebe)
To some, the work that goes into research can seem daunting however, no matter what kind of research is being done, it’s purpose is simple: test theories and gain accurate, reliable data to learn from and make better future decisions. Data gathered from the on-farm trials is not only beneficial to researchers, but also to farmers.
“Having local and accurate data will help me plan and make decisions on my farm in future years,” Dylan says, describing his biggest takeaway from participating in the program.
Farm management is complex. Many decisions require a balance of crop characteristics with information about local factors like soil, weather and historic management. An On-Farm research project can give you data for your farm and being involved in the network can give you information about variability across other soil and weather conditions.
Currently, there are still opportunities to participate in an On-Farm research trial for 2019. If you or someone you know is interested in participating, please contact the MWBGA Research Manager, Lori-Ann Kaminski at firstname.lastname@example.org or 204-745-6661. MWBGA members are encouraged to inquire.
Meet a Researcher – Dr. Belay Ayele
January 9th, 2019
-Kate Rodger, MWBGA
Due to increased availability of wheat genome information over the past year, it has become easier for researchers to pin-point where the genetic controls for traits of economic importance are in the complex wheat genome. Although this technology has little to do with the typical day-to-day activities of a farmer, it has everything to do with unlocking a world of opportunity for the future of wheat in Canada.
Dr. Belay Ayele in his laboratory at the University of Manitoba. (Photo: Kate Rodger, MWBGA)
Meet Dr. Belay Ayele, Associate Professor in the Department of Plant Science at the University of Manitoba. Dr. Ayele lives and breathes plant hormones, which are also known commonly as plant growth regulators (PGRs) by crop producers and related industries. While completing his master’s degree at Wageningen Agricultural University in the Netherlands, he became interested in focusing his studies on the biology of seed germination and dormancy, two traits that are critical in controlling pre-harvest sprouting, which refers to the germination of seeds prior to harvest, in cereal crops. Pre-harvest sprouting is one of the most important problems in the production of wheat and barley, two major cereal crops of Canada, as it downgrades the quality of the grains, thereby causing financial loss to the producers.
While completing his PhD in at the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Dr. Ayele studied one of the plant hormones, gibberellin (GA) and its production pathway, the GA Metabolic Pathway, intensively.
“GA is involved in regulating crop growth and development from seed to seed” explained Dr. Ayele as he discussed what drew him to studying these hormones, “I wanted to understand how these compounds are produced and degraded in plants because it is involved in regulating a wide range of traits of agronomic importance in crop plants. Therefore, for someone who is passionate about making a difference in the breeding world, this seemed to be the perfect path for Belay to take. To study more about this plant hormone, Belay went to RIKEN Plant Science Center in Japan for his postdoctoral research, as most of the discoveries about GA come from the research labs of Japanese scientists at RIKEN.
“There wasn’t a lot of information on the variation in wheat plant hormones when I first started school. Wheat is a major crop in Canada and the world,” Ayele mentioned, as he explained his decision to focus on wheat during his PhD, “If I work on a major crop I know I can make a difference.”
Among the critical times in a farmer’s year are seeding and harvest. During seeding, farmers make sure that they have high quality seeds to ensure fast and uniform germination, and seedling establishment. The seeds need to be planted at an optimal time and in favourable environmental conditions so that they germinate and emerge from the soil with vigor. However, conditions such as excess moisture occurs during spring, either before or after planting, for many Manitoba crop producers, causing a delay in planting or affecting the stand establishment or growth of the crop. The occurrence of undesirable weather such as cool and moist summer conditions after crop maturity are the other sources of problems in wheat and barley production, since such weather conditions cause pre-harvest sprouting of the grains. After harvesting, grains are subjected to quality evaluation. Lower quality grains such as those affected by pre-harvest sprouting are brought to a feed mill to be sold at lower price into the feed market for livestock, while the high quality grains are sold into the international market to be made into food that will be consumed by humans all over the world. In general, during both critical times, the environmental conditions that crop is subjected to play a very important role in determining grain yield and quality.
Wheat plants are grown in a greenhouse attached to Ayele’s laboratory as a part of his research. (Photo: Kate Rodger, MWBGA)
In his research lab, Belay has growth facilities that allow his research team to control the environmental conditions that a plant is subjected to, making it entirely possible to control the growth conditions, ensuring the crop grows to its full genetic potential – unfortunately, not something that farmers are able to do. Dr. Ayele’s research, partially funded by the Manitoba Wheat and Barley Growers Association (MWBGA), is about finding the right combination of genes that will allow breeders to develop a wheat and barley varieties that can tackle abiotic (weather related) stress factors such as preharvest sprouting of grains and the extremes of soil moisture; problems constantly challenging Manitoba wheat and barley growers. Research on excess moisture in crop agriculture is considered a ‘gap area’ in Canada by many.
To help ensure that a wheat plant does well, “we need to have a balance between dormancy and sprouting,” Ayele explains, “the two hormones responsible for controlling this are GA and abscisic acid (ABA)”. If a seed has too much GA, the seed will germinate very easily, often resulting in a near-mature wheat plant that has seeds sprouting while it’s still standing. The other extreme is that a seed with too much ABA will not germinate for a long time, if at all.
“We have to look at both sides.”
When developing new wheat varieties, finding the ‘happy medium’ between these two hormones is crucial. Breeders seek out varieties like this, which possess intermediate level of dormancy, as they are the best option for farmers and can help produce grains that can readily germinate after harvest but not before harvest so that the farmer does not need to worry about the occurrence of field sprouting. Through his work, Dr. Ayele has been able to associate plant hormone changes with certain genes related to ABA and GA on the wheat genome. Newly expanded genomics technologies will enable breeders to screen new varieties being bred to see which ones have these desirable traits.
This machine, called a Triple Quad LC/MS, measures hormone levels in seed tissues for Ayele’s research. (Photo: Kate Rodger, MWBGA)
“The wheat genome is very complex,” Dr. Ayele went on to explain just how complicated wheat is, “it has three genomes and each gene has six copies.” Having the technology available to tap into the wheat genome information makes it easier to generate tools that can aid the breeders to develop new varieties that can withstand different environmental stress conditions.
Ayele also does research with the GAs and ABA hormones in barley which is, according to him, “even more tricky” to find a balance than in wheat. Farmers want barley to sprout quickly and evenly in the spring during seeding, maltsters want the same quick, even sprouting in the malt house, but neither want the barley sprouting while the crop is standing in the fall or the harvested seeds are in storage. Finding this balance requires researchers to be extra picky with the selection of genes in barley.
Dr. Ayele’s research is intended to provide breeders with the tools they need to develop new varieties needed for wheat and barley so that the two crops can remain competitive within domestic Canadian markets, as well as in international markets. The Manitoba Wheat and Barley Growers Association is proud to be a major funder of this project, alongside the Western Grains Research Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canadian Foundation for Innovation, and two Growing Forward 2 programs (the National Wheat Improvement Program and the Manitoba Grain Innovation Hub).
On-Farm Network Appreciation Event
January 9th, 2018
-Kate Rodger, MWBGA
Photo: Manitoba Pulse & Soybean Growers’ On-Farm Specialist, Greg Bartley provides welcoming remarks to the On-Farm Network participants to start off the 2018 OFN Appreciation Event. (Photo: Kate Rodger, MWBGA)
On December 17th, 2018, On-Farm Network (OFN) participants for 2018 were invited to attend the OFN Appreciation Event at Kelburn Farms, south of Winnipeg, MB. Attendants were presented with research results from on-farm trails and treated to dinner and networking opportunities throughout the evening.
The OFN is a network of on-farm research related to pulse, soybean, wheat and corn crops that is directed by the Manitoba Pulse and Soybean Growers (MPSG), and funded by MPSG, the Manitoba Wheat and Barley Growers Association (MWBGA) and Manitoba Corn Growers Association (MCGA). Research is conducted on real, working farms and farmers are involved in the process, in collaboration with research specialists. The willingness from farmers to assist in this research is the one of the reasons that the OFN has been so successful. This event is a way to show these farmers how much their contribution means, as well as gauge interest from farmers to continue participating in the years ahead.
Greg Bartley, On-Farm Specialist with MPSG, sees first-hand every year the benefits that this program has for Manitoba farmers:
“Farmers have a lot of new products that are being offered on the farm or have adopted products or practices without actually knowing the benefit of that product of practice on their farm. The On-Farm Network provides a platform for farmers to test these products and practices with scientific integrity that allows them to make decisions on their farms.” Bartley guides his team along the way from before trials begin, to after the reports have been finalized. However, when the work is done, he finds it rewarding to bring everybody who was involved together:
“Seeing participants and researchers interacting with each other and sharing results, ideas and knowledge is definitely a highlight of this event for me,” Bartley reflects. The MPSG, MWBGA and MCGA are currently working on finalizing the protocols for 2019 projects and are looking forward to another great year of the On-Farm Network.
If you or someone you know wants to get involved in the On-Farm Network, contact Greg at: email@example.com. For more information visit: https://www.manitobapulse.ca/on-farm-network/about-on-farm-network/
NEWS RELEASE – Five Manitoba Commodity Groups Release Updated Amalgamation Proposal, Vote in 2020
Carman, MB – December 13, 2018
Farmer directors from five Manitoba grower organizations have updated a proposal to amalgamate into a new not-for-profit organization focused on research, communication and market development. The five associations want to hear from farmer members over the next year, with a vote to amalgamate planned for each organizations’ Annual General Meetings (AGMs) in February 2020. Read more here: News Release Amalgamation Vote in February 2020
Key Q & A’s – Manitoba Amalgamation Q&A_December 2018
For more information visit http://www.mbcrops.ca