Research

Manitoba Wheat and Barely Growers Association have begun to build research relationships and commit to funding, managing and monitoring research projects that will advance the interests and potential profitability of Manitoba growers.

Wheat and Barley Variety Development


MWBGA are working with the Wheat Advisory and Barley Advisory committees of the Western Grains Research Foundation (WGRF) to  shape long term core agreements with Canada’s public plant breeding programs at Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, the Crop Development Centre of the University of Saskatchewan, the Plant Science Department of the University of Manitoba & the University of Alberta.

As each of the prairie commissions build their organizational capacity, we fully expect to collaborate with cereal commissions in Alberta and Saskatchewan to build Western Canadian initiatives that can more efficiently serve all of our interests.

Research Priorities  2017 – 2018


Fusarium management – from varietal improvement to in-crop control measures

Nitrogen and Protein – maximize profitability for protein and seek better nitrogen use efficiency

Excess Moisture – there is currently significant national and international research focused on drought issues for cereals but in much of Manitoba our wheat and barley crops are more at risk of yield loss due to excess moisture than drought

Rotation considerations – with a special focus on pulse – cereal rotations. What lessons can be learned where the management practice of one crop improves the prospects of the other?

Other – We are always open to suggestions from producers, researchers and industry that may demonstrate a benefit to Manitoba growers.

  • Lodging is a major crop production issue, especially in high yielding environments.  Yield losses can range from 5 to 40%, with the greatest losses when lodging occurs ten days to two weeks following head emergence.  Lodging can be managed through variety selection and agronomics.  Plant growth regulators (PGRs) are another management tool that may be used to reduce lodging.  Trials were conducted at the crop diversification centers in Portage, Melita, and Arborg in 2015, and in Melita and Arborg in 2016 looking at variety x PGR application interactions on plant height and yield.
  • FINAL REPORT – Plant Growth Regulators in Spring Wheat (PDF -166 KB)

For more information on any of these projects and research strategies please contact the MWBGA office.


Research Projects


Influence of Genotype, Weather and Crop Management on Gluten Strength and the Sustainability of CWRS as a Premium Wheat Class on the Prairies

Co-Lead Researchers:  Harry Sapirstein, Dept. of Food Science and Paul Bullock, Dept. of Soil Science, University of Manitoba
Start Date: 2015
Project Length: 4 Years (2015-2019)
Project status: in progress
Objectives:  The research is designed to test different factors of environmental impacts on CWRS wheat quality with a focus on gluten strength related measures.
MWBGA funding:  In-Kind Research Management
Total Funding Approved
:  $1,773,400
Funding Partners: Alberta Wheat Commission, Saskatchewan Wheat Development Commission, Western Grains Research Foundation, MWBGA and Agri-Food Research and Development Initiative (ARDI) part of Manitoba’s GF2 programs
Benefits to MB Producers: Improved understanding of wheat quality variation across the Prairies and a better ability for the industry to meet customer requirements for quality bread products.


Development of Hormone based Genomic Tools to Accelerate Wheat Breeding for Enhanced Pre-harvest Sprouting Tolerance

Lead Researcher:  Belay Ayele, University of Manitoba
Start Date: 2015
Project Length: 3 Years (2015-2018)
Project status: in progress
Objectives:
To use wheat germplasm collection available through collaboration with the Cereal Research Centre of AAFC, to identify natural allelic variation for the absisic acid related genes important in regulating pre-harvest sprouting.
MWBGA funding:  In-Kind Research Management
Total Funding Approved
:  $232,000
Funding Partners: Western Grains Research Foundation, MWBGA and Agri-Food Research and Development Initiative (ARDI) part of Manitoba’s GF2 programs
Benefits to MB Producers: The genomic information and the methods generated from this project will make a valuable contribution to accelerating wheat breeding and for improving agronomic traits in new varieties.  Incorporation of pre-harvest sprout tolerance into our economically important cereals is an efficient way to reduce the financial losses that can result from pre-harvest sprouting in wet years.


Application and Evaluation of Genomic Selection for Improving Fusarium Head Blight Resistance and Lowering Deoxynivalenol Accumulation in Two-Row Malting Barley

Co-Lead Researchers:  Dilantha Fernando, University of Manitoba and Anna Badea, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Brandon Research Centre
Start Date: 2015
Project Length: 3 Years (2015-2018)
Project status: in progress
Objectives:
To evaluate the accuracy and efficiency of genomic selection as a new method to breed for FHB resistance in Canadian two-row malting barley.  If successful this new method could be implemented in the AAFC Brandon breeding programs and other Canadian breeding programs.  The adoption of this method will assist barley breeders to more effectively develop malting varieties with low DON accumulation.  This research is aimed to lower DON levels in barley, which is of critical importance for reclamation of lost barley acres and protection of those existing currently.  This objective is allied with the “urgent” goal of the Brewing and Malting Barley Research Institute’s list of “Desirable Quality Traits in Malting Barley for BMBRI Member Companies”.
MWBGA funding:  In-Kind Research Management
Total funding approved
:  $157,165
Funding Partners: Western Grains Research Foundation, MWBGA and Agri-Food Research and Development Initiative (ARDI) part of Manitoba’s GF2 programs
Benefits to MB Producers: new approach to breed for future FHB resistance in two-row barley. This project is expected to involve and result in the training of a Ph.D. student who has significant experience in barley breeding, germplasm screening and evaluations for FHB resistance in Canadian barley germplasm, and will contribute to succession planning for the future of the barley research community.


Fusarium testing of MCVET Grain

Lead Researcher: Manitoba Crop Variety Evaluation Team
Start Date: 2015
Project Length: 1 Year
Project status: Completed
Fusarium Damaged Kernel (FDK) and Deoxynivalenol (DON) Comparisons at Nine MCVET Sites for Various Spring Wheat Classes in 2014
Objectives:
MCVET Wheat samples from 2014 tested for Fusarium Damaged Kernels and Vomitoxin.  The data from this project was included with other years (& other funders) in a Poster by Pam de Rocquigny, Cereal Specialist and Craig Linde, Diversification Specialist with Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Development presented at the Manitoba Agronomists Conference, Winnipeg, MB on December 16 & 17, 2015
UPDATED FINAL VERSION_de Rocquigny – Manitoba Agronomists Conference Poster 2015
Total MWBGA Funding APPROVED 2015:  $10,624.43

Funding Partners: WGRF in previous years of the study
Benefits to MB Producers: data published in SEED MANITOBA and utilized in the interactive website Seed Manitoba (www.seedmb.ca), strengthening the disease rating information.


Canadian Wheat Alliance – Canadian Wheat-Nested Association Mapping (Can-NAM): Capturing genetic variation for Canadian wheat improvement

Researcher Lead:  Andrew Sharpe, National Research Council, Saskatoon
Co Investigators:   Ron Knox & Richard Cuthbert, AAFC, Swift Current; Curtis Pozniak, CDC, U of S, Saskatoon;
Wentao Zhang, NRC, Saskatoon
Collaborators:  Brent McCallum & Maria Antonia Henriquez, AAFC, CRC, Morden; Pierre Forbert, NRC, Saskatoon
Start Date:  2016
Project Length:  5 Years (2016 – 2021)
Project status:  In Progress
Objectives:
1) Establishment of the Can-NAM as a platform for community access: A population resource with multiplied seed stocks for ~5,000 lines, A high density genetic map of the Can-NAM population for precise QTL mapping, Promote phenotyping efforts in the Can-NAM population
2) Genome wide characterization of Rust and FHB resistance: Identification of novel major race-specific rust resistance genes for leaf, stem and stripe rust and race-non-specific adult plant resistance (APR) genes for leaf rust within the Can-NAM population Identification of novel QTLs contributing FHB resistance within the Can-NAM population.
3) Develop adapted pre-breeding lines with improved rust and FHB resistance· Availability of optimal material for inclusion in AAFC and U of S CDC breeding programs
MWBGA Funding:  $10,000
Total Funding Approved:  $701,500
Funding Partners:  Alberta Wheat Commission, Saskatchewan Wheat Development Commission, Western Grains Research Foundation, Government of Saskatchewan – Agriculture Development Fund
Benefits to MB Producers:  Long term variety development tools


CTAG2 – Canadian Triticum Advancement through Genomics

Research Lead:  Curtis Pozniak, Crop Development Centre, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon
Co Investigators:  Ron Knox & Richard Cuthbert, AAFC, Swift Current; Curtis Pozniak, CDC, U of S, Saskatoon; Wentao Zhang, NRC, Saskatoon
Collaborators:  Brent McCallum & Maria Antonia Henriquez, AAFC, CRC, Morden; Pierre Forbert, NRC, Saskatoon
Start Date:  2016
Project Length:  5 Years 2016 – 2021
Project status:  In Progress
Objectives:  Wheat breeders are faced with the challenge of developing improved cultivars at a time when yield gains are stagnating due to increased pest and disease stresses and extreme weather patterns linked to climate change. New technologies and novel selection strategies must be developed and deployed to accelerate genetic gain. The overall goal of this project is to implement new developments in sequencing technology and novel selection strategies in wheat improvement.
MWBGA Funding:  $150,000
Total Funding Approved:  >$9M
Funding Partners:  Genome Prairie, Genome Canada, Manitoba Agriculture – Grain Innovation Hub, Government of Saskatchewan – Agriculture Development Fund, Western Grains Research Foundation, GF2 National Wheat Improvement Cluster, Saskatchewan Wheat Development Commission, Alberta Wheat Commission
Benefits to MB Producers: Long term variety development tools.


Canadian Wheat Alliance – Standing Strong: Maximizing Yield Potential by Optimizing Stem Strength and Biomass Partitioning

Lead Researcher:  John Allan Feurtado, National Research Council, Saskatoon
Co Investigators:  Adrian J. Cutler, NRC, Saskatoon; Lope G. Tabil, Chemical Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon; Andrew Burt, Santosh Kumar & Jennifer Mitchell Fetch, AAFC BRC, Brandon; Richard Cuthbert, Ron Knox & Yuefeng Ruan AAFC, SARC, Swift Current.
Start Date:  2016
Project Length:  4 Years (2016 – 2020)
Project status:  In Progress
Objectives:  1)  Identify, dissect, and prioritize traits that contribute to maximize standability and harvest index in different environments in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. The dissection of traits includes a thorough characterization at cellular, biochemical, and physiological levels.
2)  Understand the genetic basis of traits contributing to standability and harvest index to identify functional alleles and markers conferring preferred traits appropriate for incorporation into breeding programs.
3)  Assess whether the preferred target traits and functional markers for standability and biomass allocation are optimized or whether more favourable alleles exist in Canadian or novel germplasm.
MWBGA Funding:  $196,444
Total Funding Approved:  $897,813.00
Funding Partners:  Saskatchewan Wheat Development Commission, Saskatchewan Agriculture Development Fund, Western Grains Research Foundation, Manitoba Agriculture – Grain Innovation Hub, National Research Council, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Benefits to MB Producers:  Long term variety development tools. Lodging is highly variable, influenced by environmental conditions and nutrient inputs, but can have a devastating impact. Lodging resistance or standability is a complex trait with several parameters contributing, including: stem properties such as strength, diameter, and wall width, plant height, and root plate spread and depth.


Optimizing pre-harvest sprouting tolerance in malting barley

Lead Researcher:  Belay Ayele, University of Manitoba
Start Date:  2016
Project Length:  3 Years (2016-2019)
Project status:  In Progress
Objective(s):  To identify specific abscisic acid related genes that regulate preharvest sprouting in malting barley with the ultimate objective of using these elements to develop molecular tools that can accelerate the breeding of preharvest sprout tolerant cultivars.
MWBGA Funding:  $143,700
Total Funding Approved:  $192,050
Funding Partners:  Manitoba Agriculture, Grain Innovation Hub
Benefits to MB Producers:  The project will produce information for breeders that will help optimize grain dormancy and maintain malting and storage quality while at the same time allow good seed germination.


Integrated strategies for Fusarium head blight management in Spring Wheat in Manitoba

Lead Researcher:  Maria Antonia Henriquez, AAFC, Morden Research and Development Centre
Collaborators:  Patricia Rothenburger, Manager of Research, Manitoba Agriculture; Brent McCallum & Scott Duguid, AAFC, Morden; Curtis Cavers, Canada-Manitoba Crop Development Centre, Portage la Prairie.
Start Date:  2016
Project Length:  3 Years (2016-19)
Project status:  In Progress
Objectives:  The project aims to improve Fusarium head blight management in spring wheat in Manitoba, towards yield increase and reduction in DON accumulation in wheat varieties. The project will evaluate the impact of various seeding rates, variety selection, fungicide timing and needs for fungicide application on FHB management.
MWBGA Funding:  $197,850
Total Funding Approved:  $329,350
Funding Partners:  Manitoba Agriculture, Grain Innovation Hub
Benefits to MB Producers:  The intention of this project is to identify the most environmentally friendly and cost-efficient integrated disease management approach for implementation by wheat growers.


Optimum Nitrogen Fertilizer Management Strategies for High-Yielding Spring Wheat in Manitoba

Lead Researcher:  Don Flaten, University of Manitoba
Start Date:  2016
Project Length: 2 years
Project status:  Complete
Objectives:  1)  Determine appropriate rates for N, based on realistic yield and protein goals for new high yield potential varieties   (e.g., the overall supply of N required on a per bushel basis)
2)  Determine the most effective and efficient combinations of timing, placement and source, especially for midseason top-up applications
3)  Evaluate some innovative soil tests for measuring the amount of organic soil N that can be released by mineralization during the growing season
4)  Develop decision tools for midseason evaluation of yield and protein sufficiency
MWBGA Funding:  $226,790
Total Funding Approved:  $431,041
Funding Partners:  Manitoba Agriculture, Grain Innovation Hub
Benefits to MB Producers:  Knowledge that can be used to produce wheat in a more cost-effective and competitive manner. Given the large value of the farm investment in N fertilizer and expected returns to that investment, Manitoba wheat producers will receive financial benefits from optimizing fertilizer use on individual farms and fields.
Results:


Enhancing Fusarium head blight research capacity to reduce mycotoxin contamination in wheat

Lead Researcher:  Anita Brule-Babel, Dept. of Plant Science, University of Manitoba
Start Date: 2016
Project Length: 3 Years
Project status:  In Progress
Objectives:  1)  Support further development of Fusarium Head Blight resistance cultivars for all public-breeding programs in western Canada through enhancement of FHB screening capacity.
2)  Upgrade plot seeder to handle a large number of single row plots in an efficient manner.  Under moderate to severe epidemics, moderate resistance is not sufficient to prevent significant losses. Similarly, available fungicides act to suppress FHB but do not provide adequate control under moderate to severe epidemic conditions.
3) Stationary Thresher – Due to the large number of single row plots, these cannot be harvested with a small plot combine in the traditional manner and improve our ability to handle and turn around samples.
MWBGA Funding:  $128,202
Total Funding Approved:  $384,600
Funding Partners:  Western Grains Research Foundation, Manitoba Agriculture – Grain Innovation Hub part of Manitoba’s GF2 programs
Benefits to MB Producers:  Increased disease screening facilities and personnel for Western Canadian plant breeding programs. Medium term variety development of breeder elite lines.


Excess Moisture Management Strategy for Manitoba Cereal Production

Lead Researcher:  Gary Martens
Start Date:  2016
Project Length:  2 years
Project status:  In Progress
Objectives:  While a high percentage of International and Western Canadian crop research and innovation has been focused on drought, Manitoba producers are more likely to experience yield loss or reduction in yield potential from excess moisture.
1)  Determine the scope – convene an advisory group to scan and collate information on the range of tools, techniques and management choices for maximizing yield and profit in the presence of excess moisture conditions in cereal production in Manitoba.
2)  Work with historical crop insurance data for confirmation of the magnitude of the problem and potential correlation to management practices.
3)  GAP analysis – based on advisory group findings conduct more detailed literature reviews to document what is known and what is not known. Make direct contact with domestic and international researchers to solicit input on the areas of greatest promise and potential influence. Recommend where additional work (research investment) may be needed.
MWBGA Funding:  $35,000
Total Funding Approved:  $70,000
Funding Partners:  Manitoba Agriculture, Grain Innovation Hub
Benefits to MB Producers:  Document and publicize known tools techniques and management choices available for MB producers to maximize cereal production. Aid MWBGA to prioritize needed research investment.


Development of Intermediate Wheatgrass as a Perennial Grain

Lead Researcher:  Doug Cattani, Dept. of Plant Science, University of Manitoba
Start Date:  2016
Project Length:  2 years (2016-18)
Objectives:  the University of Manitoba has established a perennial grain program headed by Doug Cattani. He has followed two intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium) (Kernza®) in nurseries established in Carman for up to three reproductive years after transplanting to ascertain the sustainability of seed yields.
1)  Investigate post-harvest management on seed production across years
2)  second study will look at fall fertility as a renovation factor
MWBGA funding:  In-Kind Research Management
Total Funding Approved: $30,000
Funding Partners:  Manitoba Agriculture, Grain Innovation Hub
Benefits to MB Producers:  Long Term Breeding tools, understanding of the potential for perennial wheat in MB


Transcript Abundance in Two-row Malting Barley on Interaction with Fusarium graminiarum Chemotypes

Co-Lead Researchers:  Dilantha Fernando, Dept. of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture & Food Sciences, University of Manitoba and Anna Badea, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Brandon Research Centre
Start Date:  2016
Project Length:  1 year
Project Status:  In Progress
Objectives:   to conduct an RNA-Seq (RNA Sequencing) study to make a contrast of 2 two-row malting barley cultivars response to Fusarium graminearum chemotypes: 3ADON, 15ADON and NIV and to evaluate NIV chemotypes which are not present in Canada, but have become common in southern-USA regions. While NIV chemotypes generally produce less overall toxin, NIV is of concern as it has a higher mammalian toxicity than DON.
MWBGA Funding:  $5,000
Total Funding Approved:  $25,000
Funding Partners:  Saskatchewan Barley Development Commission (SaskBarley), the Brewing and Malting Barley Research Institute (BMBRI)
Benefits to MB Producers:  Understanding genetic differences toward disease resistance and reduced toxicity will be useful in long term plant breeding


Characterizing the Fusarium species that affect major crops in Manitoba

Co-Lead Researchers:  Fouad Daayf & Xiben Wang, Dept. of Plant Science, University of Manitoba
Collaborators:  Maria Antonia Henriquez, AAFC, Morden Research & Development Centre; Debra McLaren, AAFC, Brandon Research & Development Centre
Start Date:  2016
Project Length:  2 Years (2016-18)
Project status:  In Progress
Objectives:  This project will attempt to unravel important information on issues occurring in fields for soybean and pulse growers as well as for wheat, barley and oat producers.
1.     cross-pathogenicity between the Fusarium strains (including F. graminearum) infecting soybean and those infecting wheat, barley, and oat;
2.     competitiveness of Fusarium species isolated from both pea/soybean and cereals;
3.     toxin producing potential of the F. graminearum isolates from soybean versus those from cereals;
4.     genetic diversity of selected Fusarium species infecting these crops.
MWBGA Funding:  $82,400
Total Funding Approved:  $174,800
Funding Partners:  Manitoba Pulse & Soybean Growers, NSERC-Mitacs
Benefits to MB Producers:  important for risk mitigation for animal and human health when toxins are considered. Continuously assessing the activity of the Fusarium species found in the crops cited above is crucial in monitoring the threats they represent to crops, for growers, and the industry in general.


2016 Manitoba General and Herbicide-Resistant Weed Surveys

Lead Researcher:  Jeanette Gautier, Manitoba Agriculture
Project collaborators:  Rob Gulden, Dept. of Plant Science, University of Manitoba; Julia Leeson and Hugh Beckie, Saskatoon Research and Development Centre, AAFC
Start Date:  2016
Project Length: 1 year
Project status:  Complete
Objectives: to have available important information on the distribution and abundance of weed species, including herbicide-resistant biotypes, for the major field crops grown in Manitoba.
MWBGA Funding:  $19,388
Total Funding Approved:  $103,600
Funding Partners:  Manitoba Pulse and Soybean Growers, Manitoba Canola Growers Association, Manitoba Corn Growers Association, Manitoba Oat Growers Association, Manitoba Seed Growers Association, Manitoba Sunflower Association, ARDI – GF2, Western Grains Research Foundation, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Manitoba Agriculture
Benefits to MB Producers:  Comparing current results with those of previous surveys also provides information on weed species shifts in response to cropping systems. Results of the survey will be made available in March 2017
Results: 


2016 Research Trial on Plant Growth Regulators (PGRs)

Lead Researcher:  Pam de Rocquigny, Manitoba Agriculture
Start Date:  2016
Project Length:  1 year
Project Status:  Complete
Objectives:  Following a similar trial was conducted in 2015 at Portage la Prairie, Melita and Arborg. The same locations and contractors are involved in 2016. Results from 2015 were presented in 2016 at St.Jean Farm Days, Ag Days and the CropConnect Conference.
MWBGA Funding & Total Funding Approved:  $2,700
Funding Partners:  Manitoba Agriculture in-kind
Benefits to MB Producers:  To Evaluate the application of plant growth regulators on Spring Wheat growth and yield.  Presentation of results at various farm meetings in 2017.
Results:


Collaborative Barley Breeding Research

Lead Researcher:  Aaron Beatie, Crop Development Centre, University of Saskatchewan
Start Date:  2016
Project Length:  4 years (2016-2019)
Project Status:  In Progress
Objectives:  increase the number of barley breeding lines being evaluated in agronomic trials, along with associated malt quality and disease testing; improves the opportunity to identify superior lines and thus superior varieties.
MWBGA Funding:  $25,000
Total Funding Approved: $490,000 added to the core funding by WGRF brings the total to $2.5 million
Funding Partners:  Western Grains Research Foundation, Saskatchewan Barley Development Commission, Alberta Barley Commission
Benefits to MB Producers:  Increasing the number of lines evaluated at advanced generations of the program


Fusarium Damaged Kernel (FDK) & deoxynivalenol (DON) Testing of MCVET Wheat and Barley Samples 2015, 2016, 2017 & 2018

Lead Researchers:  Manitoba Crop Variety Evaluation Team
Start Date:  2015
Project Length: On-going
Project Status:  In Progress
Objectives:  Wheat samples from 2015, 2016, 2017 & 2018 tested for Fusarium Damaged Kernels and vomitoxin.
MWBGA Funding & Total funding approved:  $35,000
Benefits to MB farmers:  strengthening the disease rating information – data published in Seed Manitoba and utilized in the interactive website Seed Manitoba (www.seedmb.ca)
Results:

Copyright © 2018 | My Music Band by Catch Themes